Form Bindings in Vue 3: A Comprehensive Guide

In Vue 3, form bindings allow you to bind data from form elements to your Vue app and vice versa. This is useful for creating interactive forms that can update your data in real-time and validate user input. In this tutorial, we'll take a look at how to use form bindings in Vue 3 to build dynamic and interactive forms.

To bind data to a form element in Vue 3, you can use the v-model directive. This directive binds the value of a form element to a data property in your Vue app, and updates the element's value when the data property changes.

For example, let's say you have a data property called email that you want to bind to an input element. You can do this using the v-model directive:

  <input v-model="email" type="email" placeholder="Enter your email">

In this example, the v-model directive binds the value of the input element to the email data property. When the user enters a new value in the input, the email property will be updated automatically.

You can use the v-model directive to bind data to any form element, including text inputs, radio buttons, checkboxes, and more. For example, you can use it to bind data to a radio button group:

  <input type="radio" v-model="gender" value="male"> Male
  <input type="radio" v-model="gender" value="female"> Female

In this example, the v-model directive binds the value of the radio button group to the gender data property. When the user selects a radio button, the gender property will be updated automatically to reflect the selected value.

You can use form bindings in combination with other Vue 3 features, such as computed properties and watchers, to create interactive and responsive forms. For example, you can use a computed property to dynamically update the options of a select element based on the value of another form element

  <select v-model="selectedOption">
    <option v-for="option in options" :key="option.value" :value="option.value">
      {{ option.text }}

export default {
  data() {
    return {
      selectedOption: '',
      options: [
        { value: 'option1', text: 'Option 1' },
        { value: 'option2', text: 'Option 2' },
        { value: 'option3', text: 'Option 3' },

In this example, the v-for directive is used to iterate over the options array and render an option element for each item in the array. The key and value attributes are used to bind the value and text properties of each option to the option element, and the option.text expression is used to display the text of each option. The v-model directive is used to bind the value of the select element to the selectedOption data property, so that when the user selects an option, the selectedOption property is updated automatically.

In addition to binding data to form elements, you can also use form bindings to validate user input. Vue 3 provides a number of built-in validation features that you can use to ensure that user input meets your requirements.

For example, you can use the required attribute to make a form element required:

  <input v-model="email" type="email" required>

In this example, the required attribute makes the input element required, and the user will not be able to submit the form unless they enter a value in the input.

You can also use the pattern attribute to specify a regular expression that the user's input must match:

  <input v-model="username" type="text" pattern="[a-zA-Z0-9]{6,12}">

In this example, the pattern attribute specifies that the user's input must consist of 6-12 alphanumeric characters. If the user's input does not match the specified pattern, the form will not be able to be submitted.

By using form bindings and validation features in Vue 3, you can create interactive and responsive forms that ensure that user input is valid and meets your requirements. Whether you're building a simple contact form or a complex registration form, form bindings are a key tool for building dynamic and interactive user interfaces with Vue 3.